Resources

Glossary of medieval words found in The Woodville Connection & The Beaulieu Vanishing

15th century Arras tapestry of a boar and bear huntArras – a fine wool tapestry originating from the French town of the same name

 

 

 

 

A lord dining beneath a baldaquin

Baldaquin – a ceremonial canopy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval braiesBraies - medieval breeches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval carrack

Carrack – a large merchant ship

 

 

 

 

 

 

The cellarer was responsible for the monastyert's provisionsCellarer - the person in a monastery responsible for provisions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cellarium at Fountains Abbey

Cellarium – the storehouse in a medieval monastery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An English cogCog – a single-masted, clinker-built vessel with steep sides and a flat bottom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversi

 

Conversi - monastery lay-brothers, usually responsible for the agricultural and manual work

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crayer 1Crayer - a two or three-masted cargo vessel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hanseatic_leagueHanseatic League - a powerful economic alliance dominating medieval trade along the coast of Northern Europe

 

 

 

 

 

Hippocras

Hippocras – wine flavoured with sugar and spices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosteller

 

Hosteller – the person responsible for a monastery’s guesthouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hanseatic hulk Jesus of Lubeck

 

Hulk – a three-masted trading vessel favoured by the Hanseatic League

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infirmarian

 

Infirmarian – the person in charge of a monastery’s infirmary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Castle

 

Keeper (of the castle) – the official responsible to the King for a castle’s governance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kitchener

 

Kitchener – the person responsible for serving meals in a monastery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lauds - monks praying

 

Lauds – a service of morning prayer traditionally said at daybreak

 

 

 

 

 

 

linsey woolsey

 

Linsey-woolsey – a coarse, woven fabric of linen and wool

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boar_Badge_of_Richard_III_from_Bosworth_Field

 

Livery Badge – heraldic badges worn by servants and retainers to identify their allegiance

 

 

 

 

 

Anglo Saxon Feast

 

Metheglin – spiced mead

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nones

 

Nones – a monastic service held at 3pm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

palfrey

 

Palfrey – a saddle horse with a smooth gait

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prime

 

Prime – a monastic service held at 6am

 

 

 

 

 

Rhenish region

 

Rhenish – wine from the Rhine region

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rouncey a

 

Rouncey – a general purpose horse of no particular breeding, most likely to be ridden by those of low social standing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sacristy

 

Sacristy – the room in a monastery where vestments, sacred vessels and important records are kept

 

 

 

 

 

Sallet helm

 

Sallet helm – a light war helmet with a back-flaring brim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar

 

Solar – a comfortably appointed private chamber in a castle or manor house

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Still room

 

Still Room – found in well-to-do households, a room set aside for the distillation of medicines and the preparation of cosmetics

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumptuary laws

 

Sumptuary laws – laws introduced to ensure people dressed according to their rank

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Verjuice

 

Verjuice – an acidic green concoction widely used to flavour other foods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recommended reads

If you have enjoyed reading The Woodville Connection and The Beaulieu Vanishing and would like to know a bit more about the period in which they are set, the following books are highly recommended.

Non-fiction
Richard the Third by Paul Murray Kendall

The Reign of Edward IV by Eric N. Simons provides an entertaining overview of the period

For a more general look at life in medieval times, The Time Traveller’s Guide to Medieval England by Ian Mortimer is as enjoyable as it is informative.

Beaulieu: King John’s Abbey by Dom Frederick Hockey gives a detailed history of Beaulieu Abbey from 1204 to 1538

Fiction
We Speak No Treason by Rosemary Hawley Jarman

Daughter of Time by Josephine Tey

Sunne in Splendour by Sharon Kay Penman

 

Recommended Websites

The Richard III Society – www.richardiii.net

English Heritage – www.englishheritage.org.uk